Endurance Memorial

The Endurance Memorial is a majestic testament to 9/11 which consists of three main elements - the North and South Tower footprints and the Memorial Fountain. These elements are united on three separate levels, providing a multifaceted experience and rewarding visual panorama.

Memorial components include a museum, sanctuary, reflecting pools, observation decks and a spectacular fountain. They create settings ranging from the serene to the dramatic. The site plans and photo images demonstrate that the Endurance Memorial is straightforward and easily comprehended. It will be a source of splendor, comfort and awe for both the one-time visitor and the local resident.

The Endurance Memorial is inclusive while simultaneously responding to many needs. It provides layers of comfort to survivors and their families. It provides an opportunity for equal recognition to the victims, whether they be individuals, companies, rescue units, airlines, government agencies, citizens from other countries. It will also be an engrossing educational tool which reaches out to the rest of the world with a message of peace. Above all, visitors to the Endurance Memorial will grasp the meaning of 9/11 for decades and centuries to come.

Renewal and Remembrance are the Endurance Memorial's key attributes. The Memorial Fountain serves as a symbolic representation of the Twin Towers -- along with the Pentagon and Shanksville, PA -- yet it remains uniquely different in appearance and function. Architectural objects of beauty like the fountain, sanctuary and Tower facades create an inspiring testimonial to a day of tragedy. They serve to both heal the wounds of the current generation and provide a tangible reminder for future generations.

Main Elements

  • The memorial complex has three levels (garden, concourse, street).
  • The South Tower footprint contains a stand-alone sanctuary with spherical dome, eternal flame, crypt, meeting rooms and reflecting pools.
  • The North Tower footprint contains a museum of artifacts and memorabilia on the garden level, and reflecting pools in the shape of the tower elevator banks on the concourse level.
  • A fountain at street level is the centerpiece of the complex, shaped symbolically as the Twin Towers and Pentagon, and surrounded by trees native to Shanksville, PA.
  • The fountain is at least 208 feet high and 208 feet wide (the same dimensions as the Twin Towers' width: 208' X 208'). The upper pentagon pool may be 77 feet 3 ½ inches, the same height as The Pentagon.
  • The fountain is constructed of green-tinted glass and structural steel, and placed in a large pedestrian plaza.
  • Water flows down the sides of the towers to an upper pentagon pool and cascades through 3,016 apertures dedicated to the victims into a lower pool.
  • Glass walls within the pedestrian plaza contain all the names of the victims, of the companies leasing space, and of the rescue units.
  • Each fountain tower has four observation decks, separately dedicated to the WTC employees, rescue workers, airline crews/passengers and Pentagon employees. [All victims, equal treatment]
  • The fountain towers have stairways to the observation decks, suggestive of the escape routes for the 1993 and 2001 WTC terrorist attacks.
  • A circle of 51 columns supports the lower pentagon pool, representing the nation united: 50 states and Washington, DC.
  • Blue laser beacons project from each tower, visible from great distances after sundown.
  • Salvaged tower facade is reinstalled on a portion of the South Tower footprint.
  • Reconstructed facade is installed on a portion of the North Tower footprint.
  • The memorial to the 1993 attack is reconstructed.
  • Seven memorial columns to support the fountain's plaza are dedicated to each WTC building ("Seven Sacred Columns").

Main Attributes

  • The memorial complex compliments the Libeskind design.
  • Proper homage is accorded the Twin Tower footprints. The South Tower's sanctuary provides a spiritual connection to this sacred space. The North Tower's museum and elevator-bank reflecting pools provide a tangible earthy connection.
  • The complex has a verticality that is appropriate for the WTC site. Elements such as the observation decks mean visitors will interact with the memorial on many levels, physically and psychologically.
  • The memorial will interact with the rest of the city with viewers looking into and out of the complex from many angles. At night the memorial's laser will signal its location from miles away.
  • An object of beauty and reflection, the memorial is a fitting centerpiece to the World Trade Centersite, now and for future generations.
  • The fountain allows the Twin Towers to be "rebuilt," a perfect solution for two conflicting desires: to sanctify the site and to demonstrate national resilience in the face of terrorism.
  • A fountain is appropriate since water is symbolic of cleansing and renewal, and water was used to extinguish the fires at all three locations.
  • The fountain's interaction of water and light is harmonious, healing, transcendental.
  • The fountain's dynamic design has a different appearance from every angle. Its design is like a mandala that is symmetrical or asymmetrical depending upon the viewing angle.
  • Because the memorial's main elements are glass, water and light, it will change in mood and appearance depending on time of day, year, weather.
  • It allows remnants of the WTC facades to be re-erected or displayed in a museum with other memorabilia.
  • With passage of time the memorial's sheer beauty will still beckon visitors to gather at the site, including new generations of people who did not witness September 11th.
  • The events of September 11, 2001 demand a memorial to rival other significant national monuments such as the Lincoln, Jefferson, and Vietnam memorials.

Last updated: November 13, 2003

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